Wisdom teeth occasionally grow in completely healthy and cause no problems for patients. However, most of the time wisdom teeth don’t have the room to grow in properly and can cause many issues, such as:
- Remain hidden within the gums.
- Wisdom teeth can become impacted (trapped) within the jaw. This can sometimes cause infection or damage to the roots of other teeth or the bone support around them
- Emerge through the gums only partially.
- Due to the area being very hard to clean the partially emerged teeth creates an area that becomes a magnet for bacteria that causes gum disease and infection.
- Crowding in the upper jaw
- The wisdom teeth will often lean sideways and rub against the cheek causing ulcers and problems with chewing.In the above instances, the dentist will usually recommend that the wisdom teeth are extracted.
If wisdom teeth start to come through there are some things that can be done to reduce pain and the chance of infection in the area.
Brush the area thoroughly. This is very important, even if it’s uncomfortable it will help to get rid of the food and plaque build-up.
Rinse with warm salt water. This will help in reducing the pain, mix one teaspoon of salt into a cup of warm water. Hold the liquid in your mouth for 2 minutes so it covers the affected area then spit it out.
Heat & cold packs. They can help reduce swelling and pain
Pain relief medication. Items such as ibuprofen or teething gels. Get advice on this from your dentist, doctor or pharmacist.
Wisdom teeth usually come through in patients in late teens or early 20’s, however, everyone and their teeth are very different. The growth of wisdom teeth should be monitored by the dentist to determine the health of them and if they will require removal or not.