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Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom teeth occasionally grow in completely healthy and cause no problems for patients. However, most of the time wisdom teeth don’t have the room to grow in properly and can cause many issues, such as:

  • Remain hidden within the gums. 

Wisdom teeth can become impacted (trapped) within the jaw. This can sometimes cause infection or     damage to the roots of other teeth or the bone support around them

  • Emerge through the gums only partially.

- Due to the area being very hard to clean the partially emerged teeth creates an area that becomes a     magnet for bacteria that causes gum disease and infection.

  • Crowding in the upper jaw

The wisdom teeth will often lean sideways and rub against the cheek causing ulcers and problems with     chewing.

In the above instances, the dentist will usually recommend that the wisdom teeth are extracted.

If wisdom teeth start to come through there are some things that can be done to reduce pain and the chance of infection in the area. 

Brush the area thoroughly. This is very important, even if it’s uncomfortable it will help to get rid of the food and plaque build-up.

Rinse with warm salt water. This will help in reducing the pain, mix one teaspoon of salt into a cup of warm water. Hold the liquid in your mouth for 2 minutes so it covers the affected area then spit it out. 

Heat & cold packs. They can help reduce swelling and pain

Pain relief medication. Items such as ibuprofen or teething gels. Get advice on this from your dentist, doctor or pharmacist.

Wisdom teeth usually come through in patients in late teens or early 20’s, however, everyone and their teeth are very different. The growth of wisdom teeth should be monitored by the dentist to determine the health of them and if they will require removal or not.

Tooth Extraction

Tooth Extraction

Sometimes in dentistry it is not always possible to save a tooth from being extracted.

There are a few reasons for this:-
o Severe gum disease
o A deep untreatable infection in a tooth
o A severely broken tooth
o Overcrowding of teeth
o Wisdom tooth/teeth problems

Before a tooth extraction the dentist will administer an injection to numb the area around the tooth due to be extracted. After the local anaesthetic has taken effect there should be no pain felt during the extraction process, though patients may feel pressure on the tooth.

The dentist will use special instruments to help them with the extraction. They will use elevating instruments to loosen the tooth from the jaw bone and ligaments and dental forceps will be used to grasp the tooth and remove it from its socket.

After the tooth has been removed the dentist will ask the patient to bite down on a piece of gauze to stop any bleeding that may occur. Once the anaesthetic wears off, it is common to experience some pain in the area. The dentist should recommend some medicine that can be purchased over the counter for pain relief or may give a prescription for medication depending on how the procedure went. A soft diet will also be suggested while the area is healing, foods such as pastas, potatoes, soups omelettes, fish etc. are best. Try to avoid chewing on the effected side of the mouth too.

It is very normal to experience some discomfort in the mouth after the anaesthetic has worn off. Even mild swelling and residual bleeding can occur.

The dentist can inform the patient of any treatment that can be done to replace the missing tooth if necessary such as, an implant, denture or a fixed bridge.

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