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What to do about a mouth Injury


Most mouth injuries in children look much worse than they are. A small tiny cut on the little’s one lip or tongue can cause a lot of bleeding and be a little scary for all involved.

Remain calm. Distract the child from the injury, even putting on a dvd and try to keep the child as still as possible. The following steps will help reduce the bleeding, ease the pain, prevent infection and start the healing.

1.Stop the bleeding:  If bleeding is from the outer lip or tongue; apply gentle pressure to the area with a clean cloth or gauze, ideally running the cloth under cold water first. 10 minutes of pressure is ideal.  If bleeding is from the inner lip be sure to gently press  the part of the lip against your child’s teeth, avoiding pulling the lip.

2.Keep it cool: Apply an ice pack to reduce swelling and pain. ( a packet of frozen peas also works).Use of a towel around the ice pack to avoid skin irritation . Popsicles are also a soothing treat.

3. Provide pain relief as needed. If your child is in a lot of discomfort, a dose of ibuprofen should ease the pain provided your child is over 6 months old. The pain should subside 24-48hrs after the injury

4. Feed with Care: Whilst the cut is on the mend, avoid foods that may sting such as juices being acidic and salty foods etc.  Popsicles once again are a soothing treat and rinsing with warm water after meals will keep food from accumulating in the mouth.

5.Give it a few days : Most mouth injuries in children heal within a few days however keep an eye out for any increased swelling, pain or redness. 

Be sure to call a Dr is there is heavy bleeding, a deep cut that may needs stitches, embedded debris or dirt in the wound, Knocked out teeth or broken teeth should be seen by a dentist as soon as possible.

Composite/Resin Fillings

Composite/Resin Fillings

Composite resin fillings are tooth coloured plastic materials, made of glass and resins that are used for both fillings and repairing the defects in the teeth. Because they are tooth coloured, they offer a good colour matching and they mimic the appearance of natural teeth.
Traditionally composite fillings were only applied to the visible teeth, however resins have changed over the years and new tooth coloured fillings are stronger and more durable than ever before. These fillings are now stable and reliable enough to be used back teeth as well, where the teeth are subjected to more biting force. Not only the modern variations are designed to match tooth colour and brightness exactly, but also they are created to bond to enamel more tightly. 
Resin materials are more biocompatible than classic metal fillings and act more like  our natural tooth structure, expanding with hot and cold liquids and foods in the same way our teeth do. This creates strong repairs, less stress on our teeth and less chance of cracks or breaks occurring. 
A composite/resin dental filling should last and be effective for at least 5 to 10 years on average. While they are relatively strong and durable they will not withstand the biting forces as much as our natural teeth. It is important to avoid habits such as opening food packages with your teeth, biting your fingernails or chewing ice cubes or similar substances. Certain foods and drinks like coffee, tea, tobacco products can also stain the resin used for bonding, so it is better to avoid these substances or at least brush regularly and see your dentist for regular cleanings for every six months.

Ian, the Mosman dentist. Dentist Mosman.


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