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Bad Breath

Definition

Sometimes called halitosis, bad breath is usually caused by poor oral hygiene habits, infections that occur in the mouth, unhealthy habits, such as smoking and alcohol intake, and foods that you eat. Other culprits include dry mouth, respiratory tract infections, systemic diseases such as diabetes, kidney, liver and lung disease and gastrointestinal issues, which may include acid reflux and other stomach digestion problems.

Signs & Symptoms

Bad breath odours vary, depending on the source or the underlying cause. Some people worry too much about their breath, even though they have little or no mouth odour, while others have bad breath and don't know it. The underlying symptoms can be poor oral hygiene caused by the dental plaque, food debris and development of gingivitis. Because it's difficult to assess how your own breath smells, try to smell your breath by placing your hand over your nose and mouth and breath, ask a relative, and consider seeing a dental professional to confirm if bad breath is an issue for you and to ask how to treat it.

Cause

Most bad breath starts in your mouth, and there are many possible causes that include: certain foods you eat (garlic and onions, in particular), alcohol or cigarettes, poor oral hygiene, gum disease, diabetes, dry mouth, sinus or throat infections, lung infections, kidney/liver failure and gastrointestinal issues.

Diagnosis

Determining the cause of bad breath can be tricky without the help of a healthcare professional, because there are so many possibilities of what may be causing it. So make an appointment with your dentist, who can give you a diagnosis and refer you to your family physician or another medical professional, if necessary.

Prevention

In general, the best way to prevent bad breath is to brush and floss every day. But there are also other techniques to freshen your breath, which your dentist or doctor can discuss with you.

Treatment

Always make sure you’re practising great oral care habits. Brushing twice a day and flossing daily will help to control plaque development and use of a tongue scraper will help control odour causing bacteria that form on the tongue. Use of floss is important to keep the spaces in between your teeth clean. Regular dental visits twice a year for a check-up and professional cleaning are also excellent steps.


Ian the Mosman Dentist. Dentist Mosman
Image: Pixabay

4 Causes Of Sensitive Teeth

Do you ever get a jolt of pain when eating something hot or drinking something cold? Sensitive teeth may affect your quality of life, preventing you from enjoying your favourite foods and drinks. Discomfort from sensitive teeth may come and go, lets talk about why!

Exposed root surfaces

Many things may cause your root surface to be exposed, and when it happens your teeth may become sensitive! People with gum disease usually experience gum recession. As gum tissue pulls away from the tooth, the tooth root is exposed. Your root does not have that protective layer of enamel, causing all your nerve endings to be exposed to things like cold ice cream and hot lattes. Sadly, you cant regrow your gums so once your root is exposed its exposed for good.

Brushing too hard

Your gums have a mind of their own and if you are rough on them they will run away from you! But seriously, you can actually brush your gums away, causing root exposure which you now know is sensitivity central! When the root is exposed from excessive brushing a deeper notch may form if you continue to brush hard.

Grinding teeth

Have you ever woken up with sore jaw muscles or headaches? You might be grinding your teeth! Constant pressure throughout the night can cause sensitive teeth. An easy way to keep your tooth grinding under control is to wear a splint to bed. They are made to fit your teeth perfectly and take the pressure off your teeth so you can sleep comfortably.

Post dental treatment

If you've ever had dental work done you may have experienced some sensitivity after the filling or crown was done. This sensitivity is usually temporary, just your mouth getting used to a new foreign object, and the sensitivity will subside.


Ian the Mosman Dentist. Dentist Mosman

Image: Pixabay

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